According to WHO, infertility is a disease of the reproductive system defined as the failure to conceive even after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse. Owing to the lifestyle changes as well as other factors, about 15% the Indian population, both male and female, are infertile. The only glimmer of hope, however, is the fact that due to increasing popularity of IVF Training Courses, infertility is no more an incurable disease that can continue to torment couples for the rest of their lives.
Infertility in women has, often, been associated with social stigma. Infertile women have been subjected to not just the emotional trauma of not being able to conceive but also the mental pressure due to the societal taboos. IVF Training Courses give due importance to getting to the roots of the problem and then resolving the issue with the help of the medical expertise of the doctors and the clinicians. It is, however, recommended to know the basics about the reasons for infertility in women and thereby observe due care to avoid these circumstances as much as possible.
Reasons for Infertility in Women:
Problem in the Ovaries:
Progesterone is produced by the female ovaries. Its role is to cause the lining of the uterus to thicken as it prepares for a potential fetus. Due to less production of progesterone, implantation may become impossible or the uterus may even not be able to hold the fetus, leading to miscarriage.
When the cells from the uterus lining grow outside the uterus, normally in the abdominal pelvic cavity, endometriosis is said to occur. The most commonly seen symptoms of are painful menstrual periods, painful intercourse, and general pelvic pain. In some women, endometriosis might not exhibit any symptoms at all.
Ovulation may not occur if the hypothalamus does not secrete a hormone that triggers ovulation. As a result, mature eggs from the ovaries will not be released. The most common symptom of ovulation problems is either no or infrequent menstrual cycles or abnormally light or heavy bleeding during the menstrual cycle.
Pelvic Inflammatory Diseases (PID):
There are a number of causes of pelvic inflammatory diseases. They are sexually transmitted diseases, pelvic tuberculosis, non-sterile abortions, ruptured appendix, or herpes virus. Of all the causes, about 75% of the pelvic inflammatory diseases are due to sexually transmitted diseases. The most common area of infection are the Fallopian tubes.
Poor Egg Quality:
As we already know, with increasing age, pregnancy can be difficult. The eggs can become damaged or may also develop certain chromosomal abnormalities, due to which they cannot sustain pregnancy. It is just the age that causes the decline in quality and no particular symptom is noticed.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS):
High amounts of male hormones (testosterone in particular) are produced by the ovaries. Small cysts are also seen in the ovaries of women affected by PCOS. Usually these women are also suffering from hormonal imbalance. As a result, they do not ovulate regularly. The most commonly seen symptoms are excessive weight gain, irregular menstrual cycle, excessive hair growth, and acne.
Damaged or Blocked Fallopian Tubes:
If the Fallopian tubes are damaged or blocked, they will hamper the movement of the eggs moving in to the uterus and/or prevent the sperm from reaching the egg. The reasons behind blocked or damaged Fallopian tubes are usually sexually transmitted diseases, pelvic inflammatory diseases, or earlier sterilization surgery.
Some of the contributing factors for infertility in women could be as follows:
Consumption of excess alcohol
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
Health problems that cause hormonal changes, such as polycystic ovarian syndrome and primary ovarian insufficiency